Throughout history, canines have always been at man's side, helping however they can. Service dogs come in all shapes and sizes and each breed has different qualities making them most capable of different tasks. From Police dogs to Fire dogs, Search and Rescue Dogs to Customs and Border Protection dogs, each breed serves a special purpose. Glamping with Pets takes a look at what makes each breed just so great at what they do.
Popular breeds for Police dogs include German Shepards, Labrador Retrievers, Bloodhounds, Beagles, and Rottweilers. German Shepards and Labradors are extremely intelligent with a good temperament, trainability, and endurance. They are often used as police dogs, along with these other breeds, because these breeds will only detain a suspect by "threatening" them until their master comes. These breeds are trained not to bite the suspect, but rather to make sure the criminal cannot escape.
Everyone associates Dalmations with the fire station, but have you ever wondered why? Dalmations are very compatible with horses and because of that, they have worked hand-in-paw with firefighters for centuries, long before fire trucks were around. When horse-drawn carriages were used, Dalmatians would run alongside the horses, keeping pace. Horses are afraid of fire, and the Dalmatians presence would distract and comfort the horses as the wagon got closer to the flames. Dalmatians also stood guard while the firefighters were working to ensure no one stole belongings or equipment. With the invention of the automobile, many fire stations kept Dalmatians around for the companionship.
Search and Rescue Dogs
Search and rescue dogs are traditionally Border Collies or Labrador Retrievers. Both breeds have a solid temperament and have great stamina, which is key when climbing through rubble and up mountains. These breeds have bodies adapted for running in both cold and warmer climates, can climb up, under, and over obstacles fearlessly, respond well to commands, and have a high level of intelligence and problem-solving skills.
Custom and Border Control Dogs
Beagles are primarily sniffing dogs and work with arriving luggage, looking for agricultural products. Beagles were originally bred for rabbit hunting, and as such, they have an acute sense of smell. Beagles are generally friendly and good with people and their smaller size is not intimidating. For these reasons, the Beagle was selected by U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Bomb sniffing dogs, on the other hand, are usually German Shepards, Labrador Retrievers, or Vizslas (also known as a Hungarian Pointer). These breeds were not chosen solely on their ability to smell, but also, they're calm in crowds and around strangers, and they like to play. They can view their work as a game, and are rewarded at the end.